Friday, May 23, 2008

Kadamba Sculptures

One of the consequences of Tughluq, Bahmani, Bijapur and finally Portuguese incursion into Goa, is a dearth of Kadamba and pre-Kadamba religious artifacts and buildings. Although a great civilisation once flourished in Goa, under Kadamba patronage, nearly everything was destroyed from the fourteenth century until the nineteenth century. 

This 12th century statue found in Assoldem depicts the goddess Durga in her Mahishasurmardini incarnation slaying the demon buffalo 'Mahaishasura'. A lion stands at her right.

A defaced and amputated 'Yakshi' sits cross legged in Padmasana form. Statue found in Sanquelim and estimated to be from the 14th century.

A statue of Kubera Yaksha seated in a Sukhasana posture holding a citrus in one hand and a lotus in the other. 12th century. Kothambi.

A Jain statue of a 'tirthankara' (one who has attained supreme knowledge) in meditation. The left arms appears to have been purposely mutilated. From Kudnem and dated approximately to the 15th century.

Another enlightened figure standing in a body abandonment posture surrounded by twenty three similarly enlightened but smaller figures. This statue dated to the 13th century originates from the Sancoale area in Murmugao.

A women about to commit sati by throwing herself into the funeral pyre of her husband. The stone was most probably used to honour the women in question. It was found in Deussua in Salcette and dates from the 11th century.

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